Reviewing Two Types of Addiction – Pathological Gambling and Substance Use

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Gambling addiction

Gambling addiction affects more men and women, seduced by growing casino accessibility

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145 posts В• Page 81 of 719

Gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby Vijinn В» 20.06.2019


Before , Sandra Adell had never set foot in a casino. But when a friend of the then year-old professor at the University of Wisconsin—Madison asked Adell to accompany her to the Ho-Chunk casino about 45 minutes away from her home, she obliged. As Adell walked through the casino floor, she thought to herself, "Why in the world are all these people here? She quickly distanced herself from her social circle, foregoing meals with friends and family to spend time gambling.

Gambling addiction can grab hold of people and morph them into someone who only cares about their next bet. According to the National Council on Problem Gambling, an estimated 2 million adults in the United States meet the criteria for "pathological gambling," and 4 to 6 million are considered "problem gamblers. Men vs. Contrary to popular belief, the gap between the number of male and female gambling addicts is closing. As more Indian and local casinos with slot machines are added to the playing field, the number of female problem gamblers increases throughout the country, says Sam Skolnik, author of "High Stakes: The Rising Cost of America's Gambling Addiction.

However, Skolnik says betting behaviors vary by gender. He says men are more likely to be "action gamblers," meaning they prefer games that involve skill e.

Studies show female compulsive gamblers frequently report feeling "hypnotized" when playing a slot machine. Many men, meanwhile, describe sports betting as a way to use their knowledge for monetary gain. Despite such differences, there are a number of biological similarities. While gambling, men and women both experience spikes in dopamine, the neurotransmitter for pleasure.

Some people liken compulsive gambling to alcohol or drug addiction, and studies conclude the same parts of the brain are activated during the "high. As with alcoholism, a gambling addict can develop tolerance, says Keith Whyte, executive director of the National Counsel on Problem Gambling.

Whyte says the more people gamble, the more they need to bet to achieve the same level of excitement and ecstasy. Only Whyte says, "There's not enough money in the world to overdose on problem gambling. Doing whatever it takes. Timothy Fong, professor of psychiatry at the University of California—Los Angeles and co-director of the school's gambling addiction program, says about a quarter of gambling addicts will commit a crime to satisfy their cravings, including embezzlement, insurance fraud or identity theft.

Some, he says, even turn to prostitution. They're there to win big—and they won't let a loss stop them from gambling. In fact, hitting a jackpot can lead gambling addicts to raise their bet because it tricks some into thinking they need to capitalize on a hot streak, says Marc Lefkowitz, a California-certified gambling counselor and recovered gambling addict.

Lefkowitz says those who are in deep also often think irrationally. They're always in favor of the house. Experts call this the "gambler's fallacy," meaning many gambling addicts assume a long-term slump will be corrected in the short term by a big win. Many times, this false belief is connected to "chasing," a practice by which compulsive gamblers see the casino as having stolen their money and they will do whatever it takes to get it back. Today, chasing is made easier for a number of Americans due to the rapid expansion of gambling.

Recently, several states along the East Coast legalized table games, such as blackjack and poker, in what politicians say is an effort to increase employment opportunities and help fund schools. Some state governments are also pushing for legalization of online gambling. New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie has already signed a bill permitting casinos in Atlantic City to host websites that take bets on games such as blackjack, slots and poker.

Delaware and Nevada have also passed laws legalizing Internet betting. The "dark side" of gambling legislation. Notwithstanding benefits for education and employment, gambling's proliferation will inherently spread the addiction—at rates some experts predict will devastate millions of Americans. When politicians champion gambling legalization, Skolnik says citizens don't typically hear about the programs that will need to be created to offer education and treatment for gambling addiction.

By laying out these programs, in essence, they're conceding they're creating new groups of addicts in their community," Skolnik says. Moreover, some experts say treatment centers can only do so much, since a fraction of gambling addicts seek help. Fong says treatment is typically effective, but he believes there can be more shame associated with admitting a gambling addiction than coming to terms with a drug or alcohol addiction.

Additionally, unlike a substance addiction, no physical signs point to a gambling problem. As a result, some refer to problem gambling as a "silent addiction" because it's easy to hide. Sometimes, people don't learn their spouse has a gambling addiction until their car is repossessed or their house is in foreclosure. According to Jon Grant, professor of psychiatry at the University of Minnesota, which houses a clinic for impulsive disorders, there are only a few visible signs of a gambling addiction, namely fatigue due to loss of sleep or irritability—two symptoms that can signal a number of other illnesses.

For people like Sandra Adell, though, their addiction surfaces when pushed to their limit. Adell's gambling inflamed her drinking and turned her into an alcoholic who couldn't leave her seat at the slot machine.

One night, in May , Adell drunkenly stumbled out of the casino and fell on the floor of the parking lot by her car. The security guards found her on the ground, her head bruised, lying next to a wad of cash she had dropped. That night—seeing her alcohol and gambling addictions collide—caused Adell to admit she had a problem: "I was losing my money, my self-respect—everything that I had built and saved for retirement, I was about to lose it all, and I couldn't stop myself.

On the mend. After going to rehab for alcoholism and undergoing outpatient treatment and private therapy for gambling, Adell reclaimed not only her health but her sense of self-worth.

To prevent relapse, Adell takes measures to keep her mind off gambling. While driving in some parts of town, she shuts the radio off so she doesn't hear ads for nearby casinos. She flips the channel if a casino's commercial pops up on the TV. She also takes to outdoor activities, like hiking, instead of seeking comfort at a slot machine. Other former gambling addicts rely on family to help keep their demons at bay. For example, their spouse may only let them use cash and require they provide receipts for all purchases.

Unfortunately, as Whyte points out, this strategy has limits. Avoiding setbacks. Compulsive gambling can take a toll on one's finances and emotions. And like any addiction, those who've kicked problem gambling must monitor their behavior to keep their thoughts and behaviors in check. Otherwise, they may end up like Thomas Koch. Skip to content. Gambling addiction affects both men and women from all socioeconomic classes, according to figures from the National Council on Problem Gambling.

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Pathological gambling: What are the boundaries of addiction?, time: 58:25
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Re: gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby Tauhn В» 20.06.2019

Excitement: The gambler's drug. CBT for gambling addiction focuses on changing unhealthy gambling behaviors and thoughts, such as rationalizations and false beliefs. Avoiding setbacks.

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Re: gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby Brashura В» 20.06.2019

When you should call it a sick day. Pin Yes No. A variation of cognitive addictioon therapy, called the four steps program, has been used in treatment of compulsive gambling as well. Thus, a problem gambler is surrfaces more likely to lose a lot of money on poker or slot machines, where rounds end quickly and there is a constant temptation to play again or increase bets, as opposed to a state lottery where the gambler must wait until the next drawing to see results.

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Re: gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby JoJorr В» 20.06.2019

It gambling not labeled as withdrawal, skrfaces is described surfaces being restless or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop gambling. Table 2 describes some reasons for gambling and offers some solutions to avoid or control card slickers gambling games. London: Hogarth Press; Postpone gambling. Problem gamblers addiction typically deny or minimize the problem—even to themselves.

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Re: gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby Nikogal В» 20.06.2019

Another aspect of treatment planning, and treatment where two disorders vary distinctly, is in relation to the gambler's financial situation. This requires not only gambling knowledge to advise the client on these matters or to refer thembut also being psychologically comfortable doing so. Even when their surfaces stops, other underlying problems may surface. Addiction National Academies Press;

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Re: gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby Kikree В» 20.06.2019

Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Problem gamblers also deny or minimize the problem—even to themselves. Online casinos and bookmakers are open all day, every day for anyone with a smartphone or access to a computer.

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Re: gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby Yogore В» 20.06.2019

Look for support. Some gamblers also have cognitive distortions not only about their ability to win, but also their need for excitement, and a correlating distorted belief that they will not be able to function without the excitement that they derive from gambling. He or she may have sold family possessions or run up huge debts on joint credit cards.

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Re: gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby Metilar В» 20.06.2019

Clients with substance abuse problems may also have some financial pressures related to the cost of more info use, but money and financial issues do not take a addiction role in the treatment plan as they do with counseling gamblers. She flips the channel if a casino's commercial pops up on the TV. Additional similarities include the presence of preoccupation, surfaces social, occupational or recreational activities and legal problems which are not included in the criteria gambling dependence. Men vs.

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Re: gambling addiction surfaces vs

Postby Samura В» 20.06.2019

As much as you may want to, and as hard as it is seeing the effects, you cannot make someone stop gambling. Those who see addiction as a rational behaviour might be more likely to suggest that gamblers a see that gambling is strictly for fun, or b feel that they can make a profit at it. For people like Sandra Adell, though, their addiction surfaces when pushed to their limit. However, bailing the continue reading out of debt may actually make matters surfaces by enabling their gambling problems to continue.

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